Deciphering Cryptocurrency Laws: A Comprehensive Look at U.S. Federal and Missouri State Regulations

As digital currencies continue to grow in popularity, understanding the laws surrounding cryptocurrency is becoming increasingly important. This article provides a comprehensive look at both federal and Missouri state laws as they pertain to cryptocurrency.

Federal Cryptocurrency Laws

At the federal level, no law explicitly bans the use of cryptocurrencies. Instead, several agencies regulate their use depending on the nature of the transaction:

1. Internal Revenue Service (IRS): The IRS treats cryptocurrency as property for tax purposes. This means that cryptocurrency owners must report their transactions and may owe taxes on any gains.

2. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC): If a cryptocurrency functions as an investment product, it may fall under the jurisdiction of the SEC.

3. Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN): This agency oversees cryptocurrency exchanges to prevent money laundering and other financial crimes. Exchanges must register with FinCEN and maintain records of their customers.

4. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC): Cryptocurrencies may also be regulated by the CFTC as commodities, particularly when it comes to futures and derivatives markets.

Cryptocurrency Laws in Missouri

In Missouri, no state-specific laws prohibit or regulate the use of cryptocurrency. The legality of cryptocurrency usage in Missouri aligns with federal guidelines, which means it is legal but regulated. Cryptocurrency holders and businesses dealing with cryptocurrency should comply with relevant federal laws and regulations.

Cryptocurrency Regulation Challenges

The regulatory landscape of cryptocurrency is complex and evolving. A key challenge lies in classifying cryptocurrencies. They can behave as property, securities, commodities, or currency, depending on the circumstances, making regulation a multi-faceted task.


While cryptocurrency use is legal under both U.S. federal law and Missouri state law, it is subject to varying regulations based on the nature of the transaction and the specific entities involved. As the legal landscape around cryptocurrency continues to develop, staying informed about changes and consulting with an experienced attorney can help navigate these complex waters.