Can the Government Seize Your Cryptocurrency? A Closer Look at Federal and Missouri Laws

As cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin become increasingly mainstream, a critical question arises: Can cryptocurrency be seized by the government? This article dives into the legal specifics under U.S. federal law and Missouri state law, and draws a comparison with past restrictions on gold ownership.

Cryptocurrency and Asset Forfeiture

Under federal law, cryptocurrencies can be seized by the government in certain circumstances. Just like any other asset, cryptocurrencies may be subject to forfeiture if they are involved in illegal activities. For example, Bitcoin and other digital currencies can be seized in connection with crimes such as drug trafficking, money laundering, or fraud.

Government agencies, such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) or the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), have the authority to seize these assets during their investigations. Once seized, the cryptocurrency is typically auctioned off by the U.S. Marshals Service.

Missouri State Law and Cryptocurrency Seizure

In Missouri, as is the case federally, cryptocurrencies can be seized if they are associated with criminal activities. This would fall under the purview of asset forfeiture laws, which allow for the confiscation of assets derived from or used in criminal activities.

Gold Ownership and Cryptocurrency: A Historical Comparison

Interestingly, there is a historical precedent that provides a comparative backdrop to this issue. In the 1930s, during the Great Depression, the U.S. government, under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, outlawed the "hoarding" of gold through Executive Order 6102. Citizens were required to sell their gold to the Federal Reserve because gold was backing the dollar at that time, and the government needed more gold to pump more money into the ailing economy.

While the circumstances and the nature of gold and cryptocurrencies are not entirely the same, the government's ability to regulate the ownership and use of these assets shows how financial regulations adapt to societal and economic needs.

Today, cryptocurrencies are not backing any national currency, but their increasing use and influence in the financial world have led the government to regulate them in various ways, one of which includes the ability to seize them under certain conditions.


In conclusion, both federal and Missouri state law permit the seizure of cryptocurrencies if they are connected to illegal activities. However, just as gold restrictions were eventually lifted, the laws and regulations around cryptocurrencies may continue to evolve as digital currencies become increasingly woven into our financial fabric. As always, given the complexity of the legal landscape, consulting with an experienced attorney is highly recommended.